Red light area in Kolkata list , kolkata red light area price and kolkata red light area address , India's largest red light area, Sonagachi Information

Why Kolkata?

While visiting red light area in Kolkata I recall the amazement upon reading, in The Times of India, that 40% of deaths in West Bengal were due to starvation (2010). But, despite this level of poverty, it is Kolkata’s geographical proximity to even more desperate countries (see map 1) like Bangladesh, Nepal, and Myanmar, and the lure of alleged city jobs that make it such a “trap” for human trafficking.

porous, unpatrolled borders and the straight line trek to Bombay (now known as Mumbai), along with a centrality to the seaboard from the mouth of the Ganges, all contribute to Kolkata’s already high functioning red light areas (RLAs) as a “hub” from the north and east, as well as from within its own walls and countryside, to (and fro) the “Golden Triangle” of the sex trade in southeast Asia or west to Mumbai and from there to ports unknown (Dubai, Kuwait and other gulf states, and increasingly to the U.S.).  With its natural geographical position, and the growing, far-reaching tentacles of Kolkata traffickers, continued economic development between the west and India would seem all-important. But, this is another reason to be wary of Kolkata.

As Louise Shelley (2010), leading U.S. expert on transnational crime and founder and director of the Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center, reports:

Economic development in the most populous countries of India and China is not leading

to a diminution of the number of trafficking victims. The locus of victimization of

trafficking may, however, change in the future. Thailand may no longer be the center of

the sex trade in Asia, as its primacy may be challenged by…India, [an] economic

powerhouse with enormous income disparity (p. 170).

Japan is a striking example of economic development’s irrelevance to the culture of trafficking. To this day Japan accommodates the trafficking of over 100,000 girls per year on so-called “entertainment” visas (2010, Shelley, p. 153). Japan’s post-war development reversed the flow of trafficking rather than diminishing it.

Another famous misconception is that the South/Southeast Asian sex trade thrives on sex tourism (though there is a small percentage). David Batstone, known as “America’s ethics guru,” reports stories of trafficked girls in the “Golden Triangle” area (Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, etc.) who claimed most of the johns were local and hailed from Cambodia, Thailand, China, and India (2007, p. 36). Though Kolkata serves as a major hub for trafficking, its internal homebred problem of generational prostitution, as to a lesser extent with its competitors to the east, tempts historical [colonial] analysis of the situation. Shelley (2010) warns against this:

Thailand and Japan that were not colonized and the Philippines that endured centuries

of colonial rule all suffer from very serious problems of trafficking. The domination of a

country and its citizens by a foreign power in past centuries does not necessarily

contribute to significantly different levels of trafficking (p. 171).

Shelley speaks in terms of trafficking, in general, but it is the existence of brothels (Kolkata’s infamous Sonagachi, for example) that feeds the system. As mentioned, Kolkata contains one of the largest, labyrinthine RLAs in all of India, likely the world.

Physical Health:

Periodical physician’s check up

Regular visits to the medical practitioner

Extended treatment and medication for diseases like HIV/AIDS, UTI, and other STDs.

Mental Health:

A mental health or psychological approach has been deemed the most appropriate way of comprehending and dealing with the emotional health of the survivors of trafficking. Taking a psychological approach creates a link between social and cultural factors and mental wellness. This approach attempts to empower the victims in order to ensure a successful reintegration process. The process includes:


Individual counseling sessions - Individual counseling is one-on-one counseling that deals with the trauma, fears, and conflicts of the victim. During the sessions introspection is encouraged and the victim is taught to discover her own solutions. The frequency of the sessions is designed according to the individual needs of the victim.

Conflict resolution group sessions - Conflict resolution group sessions are designed to develop the necessary skills to resolve interpersonal conflicts that arise within the community. Counselors act as session facilitators, but the girls themselves identify community issues and devise solutions.

Therapeutic Group Activities - Survivors may participate in therapeutic group activities, such as dance movement therapy or play therapy, as an alternative way to express repressed emotions and begin to overcome trauma.  The experienced survivors on staff teach dance movement therapy classes.

Advocacy Group Sessions - Advocacy group sessions address specific issues such as HIV/AIDS, gender, and other socially relevant topics. These sessions provide a platform for sharing information and generating awareness.

HIV support group sessions - HIV support group sessions provide a space for HIV-positive girls to share feelings, fears, and anxieties regarding the disease. The discussions encompass information pertaining to HIV/AIDS, such as transmission, preventative measures, and coping mechanisms.

Family counseling sessions - Family counseling sessions are designed to counsel and sensitize identified families of the rescued girls regarding the changed needs of these children.

Prefects group sessions - Prefect group sessions, held by a peer-elected representative body of survivors, form a link between the administration and the girls.

Psychiatric Assessment - A visiting psychiatrist provides monthly assessments and consultations for those girls in need of additional mental health care and psychiatric support.

Education and life skills training are essential to the rehabilitation and (with hope) reintegration task. Sanlaap approaches this issue from a variety of perspectives. Victims of trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation are a section of the marginalized population deprived of the fundamental right to education. Long years of confinement make it increasingly difficult for these children to come back to the discipline of formal education after transitioning to institutional care. An education program for these children not only includes formal academics, but also functional and life skills education. Sanlaap’s education program is designed to produce competent, dynamic, insightful, independent human beings.

Formal Education - Sanlaap provides formal education through a partnership with Sealdah Loreto School.  Girls enrolled in the formal education program attend classes at Sealdah Loreto on a daily basis, and will appear for their exams at the National Indira Gandhi Open School.


Functional Education - Where formal education is not possible, functional education is provided. The students are classified not according to their age but to their learning ability and aptitude. The syllabus is designed keeping in mind the limitation and capacity of the children. The syllabus is also left flexible in order to cater to the changing needs and objectives of the children.

Life Skills Education - Beyond formal and functional education, Sanlaap incorporates life skills education within its education program. The objective for this education is to teach adaptive and positive behavior to victims/vulnerable children to enable them to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. All children are enrolled within the life skills education program.

Livelihood Options Development Program

An expansion of the Education program, the Livelihood Options Development Program is an important element of the reintegration plan of each victim. It helps ensure them the sustainability of socio-economic reintegration by giving them options for gainful employment and livelihood. Developed by a team of experts, the program teaches everything from basic skills to transitioning to independent living. An economic rehabilitation plan is explored considering individuality, aptitude, and market feasibility. Training programs are run in the shelter and trained girls are involved in production so that through this program survivors are rehabilitated. In the SNEHA home survivors who do not want to go to school are given an opportunity to learn block printing on textile, Batik on textile, fashion designing (cutting, stitching, tailoring), restaurant duties and management, and weaving.

The challenges under this program are that victims have low motivation for training and jobs that require hard work and discipline. It is also challenging to work with women who are obliged to move from one place to another due to their legal status and restoration/repatriation proceedings. Because of this their work suffers. But, Sanlaap necessarily provides legal support to victims/survivors.

Legal Aid

The Legal Aid team at Sanlaap undertakes the following:

Accompanying the LEA in various rescue operations in red light area in kolkata and at other vulnerable situations.

Giving support services during police investigation and medical check-up after rescue of victims.

Catering to the standards of the legal status of the victims. For example, girls referred by the CWC would differ from girls referred by the Court.

Maintaining and updating the individual legal record of each victim.

Conducting family identification in collaboration with partner community-based organizations (CBOs) and assessing the family environment to verify the safety of restoration/repatriation to the family. No rescued survivor is returned to her family without adequate assessment and ensuring societal acceptance and family support. In some communities girls become subject to stigmatization and ostracism. Parents, family members, or close associates may play a pivotal role in the girl being trafficked. Under such circumstances, the potential for acts of violence or re-trafficking are great. Family identification and assessment is a mandatory part of a healthy reintegration process.

Addressing the legal processes involved in restoration to the family. A childwho has been referred by the CWC needs to be presented before the CWC for formal permission to be granted for restoration.

Looking into legal obligations with regard to repatriation of girls back to their country of origin (namely Bangladesh and Nepal) in collaboration with the LEA, the Border Security Force, the Bangladesh Rifles, and the government agencies of the countries involved. The process of repatriation is lengthy and involves cumbersome paperwork, solely done by the legal department itself. Sanlaap works closely with Nepal and Bangladesh to ensure safe and successful repatriation.

Participating in the prosecution of the accused in crimes committed on victims. In cases where the girl’s abductor/trafficker is facing trial, the legal department takes all possible measures to ensure the latter is duly penalized for his/her offense. The victim is provided with all services for her protection as witness to the crime.

Providing legal counseling to victims in Sanlaap’s institutional care and protection and family counseling within Sanlaap’s shelter home.



The red light area in Kolkata are incendiary places. During the day, foreigners and businessmen especially, are targeted, beaten and robbed (or worse), regularly. Feuds over water lines break out and even children are murdered. At night the atmosphere is frantic and filled with fear. While the mobs of young men “horse” about like drunken cowboys, the starving continue to beg, fear written on their faces, the connotation to carry out contributions covertly. There is no description I can give, no camerawork—not even that attempted by Born Into Brothels—to convey the combustible feeling at night in the RLA.